Confined Space Entry

General Background:

    Over 1 1/2 million workers enter confined spaces on an annual basis. Serious injury or death in a confined space can be the result of asphyxiation, engulfment, electric shock, falls, and heat stress. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimates that 85 percent of these accidents can be prevented if proper safety precautions at job sites are initiated. This poses a serious problem for exposed workers and their employer. The OSHA Confined Space Standard establishes uniform requirements to ensure that the hazards of confined spaces in U.S. workplaces are evaluated, safety procedures implemented, and that the proper hazard information is transmitted to all affected workers.

    The following course outline is designed to make employees aware of the hazards associated with confined space entry as well as a means to control those hazards.
  1. Definitions
    1. Conditions that define a confined space
    2. Conditions that characterize a “Permit Required Confined Space”
    3. Personnel and roles and lines of responsibilities
  2. Hazard Identification
    1. Physical hazards that may be present in a confined space
    2. Atmospheric hazards that must be tested for
    3. Activities or situations that may result in a hazardous environment
    4. Classifying a confined space as a permit required based on atmospheric conditions
  3. Hazard Control
    1. Methods for controlling physical hazards
    2. Correct methods for using air ventilation
    3. Classifying a confined space based on ability to eliminate or control hazards
  4. Safety Equipment
    1. Types of respirators entrants should use in a permit required Confined space
    2. Reason for using a body harness
    3. Characteristics of tools entrants should use in a permit required confined space
    4. Air monitoring equipment
  5. The Entry Permit
    1. Information contained the permit
    2. Importance as a reference for the entire confined space entry process
  6. Team Responsibilities during an entry
    1. Entry Supervisor
    2. Authorized Attendant Authorized Entrant
    3. Authorized entrant

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